The Problem of Evil: Part 2
Any time the atheist objector states the problem of evil, they generally do so in a format that is both logically coherent and emotionally engaging. It is interesting that atheism is purported to be a position that is logical and consistent with reality. Given the materialist worldview of atheism, its use of and insistence upon logic is highly problematic. In an attempt to circumvent the problems surrounding their use of logic, atheists have presented a few options for explaining the origin and authority of logic.
Option #1 – Nature
One manner in which atheists attempt to explain logic is by claiming that logic comes from nature. That is to say that logic merely describes that which we observe in nature. The problem with this approach in explaining logic is that it assumes logic. The way in which occurrences in nature are classified is through the use of the scientific method. However, this is circular reasoning. The scientific method is a viable method by which to asses occurrences in nature chiefly because it assumes that logic exists. Classification of what is observed in nature occurs through the use of logic. Scientists do not derive logic from nature and then define what they observe in nature by what they have derived. No, they assume that which occurs does so in a manner that is logical.
Option #2 – Survival of the Fittest
Another popular proposal for the existence of logic is its development as a means for survival. This proposal fails on a few accounts. First, this assumes that an impersonal process can produce that which is personal. Second, this assumes that adherence to logic assures survival. Experience proves that this is simply not true. It would seem as if species which do not possess capabilities for recognizing logic appear to have a greater ability for survival than beings that recognize logic. Fourth, proposing that evolution explains the origin of logic is also circular because it would demand that evolutionary processes would exhibit the use of the laws of logic. It would seem as if evolutionary processes logically recognize that logic is necessary for survival. Thus, this option for explaining logic raises more questions than it answers.
Option #3 – Consensus
Some atheists explain that the laws of logic are little more than generally agreed-upon principles. Yet, logic transcends the groups for which they are normatively considered as conventions (i.e. Western civilization). If logic is formed by an informal vote or consensus, then the pervasive nature of these laws in human experience is unexplainable.
 John Frame, Apologetics to the Glory of God, 104.